Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day in Thailand

Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day, known as "Wan Phra Ratcha Phithi Phuet Mongkhon" in the local Thai language, is a significant cultural event in Thailand. The ceremony is an ancient Brahminic tradition, which marks the beginning of the rice growing season and is held annually to bless the country's crops and ensure a fruitful harvest.

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day is usually observed in May, with the specific date determined by the lunar calendar and astrological readings. The date is announced by the Thai government each year.


The Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day has been celebrated in Thailand for centuries, with its origins tracing back to the Sukhothai period (1238-1438). The ceremony was later adopted by the Ayutthaya Kingdom (1351-1767) and has been practiced ever since. The purpose of the ritual is to honor the rice goddess, Mae Phosop, and to invoke her blessings for a prosperous rice harvest.

Historically, the ceremony was presided over by the Thai king, who would personally plough a ceremonial furrow. However, in modern times, the king's representative, the Lord of the Harvest, takes on this role.


National customs for Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day in Thailand

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day is a public holiday in Thailand, and the main event takes place at Sanam Luang, a large open field in front of the Grand Palace in Bangkok. The ceremony is attended by high-ranking officials, Brahmin priests, and a large crowd of spectators.

The Lord of the Harvest, dressed in traditional Thai attire, leads a procession of sacred oxen and ploughs a furrow in the ceremonial ground. As the ploughing takes place, Brahmin priests chant prayers and blessings, and rice seeds are sown in the freshly ploughed furrows.

Following the ploughing, the sacred oxen are presented with various offerings, including rice, corn, sesame seeds, grass, and water. The oxen's choice of food is believed to predict the success of the upcoming harvest, and the Lord of the Harvest interprets their choice as a forecast for the year's agricultural production.

Local customs for Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day in Thailand

While the main event takes place in Bangkok, similar ceremonies are also held in provinces and local communities throughout Thailand. Local farmers may participate in the ploughing ceremony or organize their own events to seek blessings for their crops.

In some regions, people also participate in traditional games and festivities related to agriculture and the rice growing season. These activities may include rice planting competitions, folk performances, and other cultural events that celebrate Thailand's agricultural heritage.


The Royal Ploughing Ceremony Day is a testament to the importance of agriculture in Thai culture and the country's deep-rooted connection to its agrarian past. As a blend of ancient rituals and modern celebrations, the event showcases Thailand's rich cultural heritage and serves as a reminder of the significance of the rice-growing season to the nation's prosperity and well-being.