Coronation Day in Thailand

Coronation Day, known as "Wan Chatramongkol" in Thai, is a significant event in Thailand, celebrating the enthronement of the reigning monarch. The date of Coronation Day generally depends on the reigning monarch's ascension to the throne and might change with each new king. For the current King, His Majesty King Maha Vajiralongkorn, the Coronation Day is observed on May 4th, marking his official coronation ceremony in 2019.


The history of Coronation Day in Thailand dates back to the founding of the Chakri Dynasty in 1782 when King Rama I ascended to the throne. Since then, the Thai people have celebrated the coronation of each monarch in the Chakri Dynasty. The most recent Coronation Day, held on May 4th, 2019, saw the official crowning of King Maha Vajiralongkorn, also known as King Rama X, who succeeded his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who passed away in 2016.


National customs for Coronation Day in Thailand

On Coronation Day, Thailand holds various national customs and celebrations to show respect and loyalty to the reigning monarch. The day begins with a merit-making ceremony, where the King offers alms to Buddhist monks. This is followed by a religious ceremony at the Grand Palace, where the King receives blessings from monks and senior members of the royal family.

In the evening, a candlelight procession takes place around the Grand Palace, with the King leading the procession while seated on a royal palanquin. The procession is accompanied by a marching band and a display of traditional Thai dance performances. The streets of Bangkok are decorated with colorful flags and lights, and Thai people wear yellow, the color symbolizing the King, to show their loyalty and respect.

Local customs for Coronation Day in Thailand

In addition to the national celebrations, local customs and events are held across Thailand to honor the reigning monarch. These local customs may include merit-making ceremonies at temples, cultural performances, and local parades. Local communities may also hold exhibitions and educational events to teach the younger generation about the importance of the monarchy and the history of Coronation Day.


Coronation Day, or Wan Chatramongkol, is a significant event in Thailand, celebrating the enthronement of the reigning monarch and the continuation of the Chakri Dynasty. This day is marked by various national and local customs, all aimed at showing respect and loyalty to the King. As the date may change with each new monarch, it serves as a reminder of the rich history and deep connection between the Thai people and their monarchy.