Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand

Chulalongkorn Day, also known as Piyamaharaj Day or "Wan Piyamaharaj" in Thai, is a significant public holiday in Thailand. It commemorates the life and reign of King Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, who is considered one of the greatest kings in Thai history. The holiday falls on October 23rd each year, marking the anniversary of King Chulalongkorn's passing in 1910.


Chulalongkorn Day has been celebrated in Thailand since 1911, a year after the king's death. King Chulalongkorn was the fifth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty and ruled from 1868 to 1910. He is highly respected and admired for his numerous accomplishments, which include modernizing Thailand during his reign and successfully preserving the nation's independence during the era of western colonization.

King Chulalongkorn is also known for his efforts to abolish slavery in the country and establish a centralized administration. He worked tirelessly to improve the lives of Thai people, leading to his lasting legacy as a beloved and revered leader.


National customs for Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand

On Chulalongkorn Day, the people of Thailand pay their respects to the late king by participating in various activities and ceremonies. The day begins with a merit-making ceremony at the Royal Plaza in Bangkok, where government officials and citizens gather to offer alms to Buddhist monks. This is followed by a wreath-laying ceremony at the equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn, located nearby.

Throughout the day, many Thais visit temples to make merit and pay their respects to the late king. They may also participate in traditional Thai cultural activities and performances held in schools, community centers, and other public spaces. Thai flags are displayed prominently on this day, and many people wear traditional Thai clothing or accessories as a show of respect and appreciation for their heritage.

Local customs for Chulalongkorn Day in Thailand

While the national customs are observed throughout the country, some regions or communities may have their own unique ways of commemorating Chulalongkorn Day. These local customs may include special prayers, processions, or performances that highlight the local culture and history.

In some provinces, people may also visit the gravesites of their ancestors to pay homage and make merit, as a way of connecting with their family history and heritage. Local government offices, schools, and businesses are closed on this day, allowing citizens to participate in the various activities and ceremonies.


Chulalongkorn Day is an important holiday in Thailand, reflecting the nation's deep respect and admiration for King Chulalongkorn and his many contributions to the country's development and progress. Through the various customs and ceremonies observed on this day, the people of Thailand honor their heritage and the legacy of one of their greatest leaders.