Eid ul Adha in Tajikistan

Eid ul Adha, also known as Kurban Bayrami in Tajikistan, is a significant religious festival celebrated by the Muslim population in the country. It is an important event that commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. The festival is marked by various customs and traditions that are unique to the Tajik people.

In Tajikistan, Eid ul Adha is observed based on the Islamic lunar calendar, which means the date of the celebration changes every year. The festival takes place on the 10th day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah, which is calculated according to the sighting of the moon. This means that the exact date of Eid ul Adha may vary by one or two days depending on when the new moon is sighted.


Eid ul Adha has been celebrated in Tajikistan since the arrival of Islam in the region. The country has a rich history of Islamic influence that dates back to the 8th and 9th centuries when the region was conquered by Arab Muslim forces. Over time, the population of Tajikistan embraced Islam, and the celebration of Eid ul Adha became an essential part of their religious and cultural identity.


National customs for Eid ul Adha in Tajikistan

In Tajikistan, Eid ul Adha is marked by various customs and traditions that are observed by the Muslim population. One of the primary rituals of the festival is the sacrifice of an animal, usually a sheep, goat, or cow, to symbolize Prophet Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son. The meat from the sacrificed animal is then divided into three parts - one-third for the family, one-third for relatives and friends, and the remaining one-third for the less fortunate.

Prayer is another essential aspect of Eid ul Adha in Tajikistan. Muslims attend special prayer services at mosques or designated prayer areas. They also listen to sermons and recite various prayers throughout the day.

The celebration of Eid ul Adha in Tajikistan is also marked by social gatherings and festive meals. Families and friends come together to share food, exchange gifts, and offer their best wishes to one another. Traditional Tajik dishes, such as pilaf, shashlik, and various sweets, are prepared and enjoyed during these gatherings.

Local customs for Eid ul Adha in Tajikistan

While the national customs of Eid ul Adha are observed throughout Tajikistan, there may be slight variations in local customs depending on the region. For example, in some rural areas, it is common for communities to come together and collectively participate in the ritual animal sacrifice. This not only strengthens the bond between community members but also ensures that the less fortunate have access to the meat from the sacrificed animal.

In some regions of Tajikistan, traditional music and dance performances are held during the celebration of Eid ul Adha. These performances showcase the rich cultural heritage of the Tajik people and add a festive atmosphere to the religious occasion.


Eid ul Adha, or Kurban Bayrami, is a significant religious festival in Tajikistan that highlights the importance of faith, sacrifice, and charity in the Islamic tradition. Through the various customs and traditions observed during this event, the Tajik people come together to celebrate their religious and cultural identity, while also reinforcing the values of compassion, generosity, and unity.