Walpurgis Night in Sweden

Walpurgis Night, also known as Valborgsmässoafton in Swedish, is a traditional celebration in Sweden that takes place on the eve of April 30th. This festive event marks the arrival of spring and is celebrated with various customs and traditions all around the country.


Walpurgis Night in Sweden has its roots in pre-Christian, pagan times, when it was believed that witches would gather on this night to perform rituals and summon evil spirits. Over time, the event evolved and became associated with Saint Walpurga, a Christian missionary who was canonized on May 1st in the 9th century. As Christianity spread throughout Scandinavia, the pagan rituals were replaced with Christian customs, and the celebration came to be known as Walpurgis Night. Today, the event has lost most of its religious connotations, and is mainly celebrated as a fun and lively welcoming of spring.


National customs for Walpurgis Night in Sweden

Bonfires are a central element of Walpurgis Night celebrations in Sweden. Lighting a bonfire is an ancient tradition that was believed to ward off evil spirits and witches, and it has since evolved into a symbol of light and warmth, driving away the darkness and cold of winter. In many towns and cities across Sweden, large public bonfires are lit, accompanied by speeches, choral singing, and sometimes fireworks. Choirs often perform traditional spring songs, and people gather around the fire to enjoy the warmth and camaraderie.

Another national custom during Walpurgis Night in Sweden is the wearing of traditional white caps known as "studentmössa." These caps are worn by high school and university students, as well as graduates, as a symbol of academic achievement and the promise of a bright future. The wearing of these caps during the celebrations represents the hope and optimism that comes with the arrival of spring.

Local customs for Walpurgis Night in Sweden

While bonfires, singing, and student caps are common elements of Walpurgis Night celebrations throughout Sweden, some local customs and traditions vary from region to region. For example, in the university town of Uppsala, students participate in a day-long event called "Forsränningen," where homemade rafts are raced down the Fyris River. In Lund, another university town, the celebrations include a humorous and satirical parade called "Carnival of Lund," which takes place every four years.

In rural areas of Sweden, smaller, more intimate gatherings are common, with families and friends coming together to light bonfires, share food, and celebrate the end of winter. In some parts of the country, traditional foods such as herring and potatoes are served, while others enjoy barbecues and picnics.


Walpurgis Night in Sweden is a lively and spirited celebration of the arrival of spring, with a rich history and a variety of customs and traditions that vary across the country. From bonfires and choral singing to student caps and local festivities, this event provides a joyful opportunity for Swedes to come together and welcome the warmer months ahead.