Eid al-Adha Holiday in Somalia

Eid al-Adha, also known as the "Festival of the Sacrifice," is an important Islamic holiday celebrated in Somalia. In the Somali language, it is referred to as "Ciid al-Adxa." This religious festival commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God's command. However, before Ibrahim could carry out the sacrifice, God provided a lamb to take his son's place.

The date of Eid al-Adha changes each year as it is based on the Islamic lunar calendar. It falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, which is the final month of the Islamic calendar. The timing of the holiday is also linked to the annual Hajj pilgrimage, as it occurs at the end of the pilgrimage.


The history of Eid al-Adha in Somalia can be traced back to the arrival of Islam in the region. Somalia has been predominantly Muslim since the 7th century, when Islam was introduced through Arab and Persian traders. As the Islamic faith took root in the Somali community, so did the observance of its religious holidays, including Eid al-Adha.


National customs for Eid al-Adha in Somalia

Eid al-Adha is a public holiday in Somalia, and the celebrations last for three days. Prayers are an important aspect of the festival, with people attending special Eid prayers held at mosques or open fields in the morning. These prayers are typically followed by a sermon and are an opportunity for the community to come together in worship.

One of the central customs of Eid al-Adha in Somalia is the act of sacrificing an animal, usually a goat, sheep, or cow. This act represents the sacrifice that Ibrahim was willing to make and serves as a reminder of the importance of submission to God. The meat from the sacrificed animal is then distributed among family, friends, and the less fortunate in the community.

Feasting and visiting family and friends are also integral parts of the Eid al-Adha celebrations in Somalia. Traditional Somali dishes, such as rice, pasta, and different types of meat, are prepared and shared among the community.

Local customs for Eid al-Adha in Somalia

While the national customs for celebrating Eid al-Adha are widely observed across Somalia, there may be variations in the way it is celebrated in different regions or by different clans. These local customs could include the preparation of regional dishes, traditional dances, or specific ways of distributing the meat from the sacrificed animal.


Eid al-Adha is a significant religious holiday in Somalia, with deep roots in the history and culture of the country. The customs associated with the festival emphasize the importance of community, sharing, and submission to God. As the Islamic faith continues to be an essential part of Somali culture, the observance of this sacred holiday will remain an important aspect of the country's religious identity.