Arafat Day in Saudi Arabia

Arafat Day, locally known as يوم عرفة (Yawm Arafah), is an important religious event in Saudi Arabia, observed by Muslims during the annual Hajj pilgrimage. It is a day of immense significance, as it marks the climax of the Hajj pilgrimage and is considered the most important day of the Islamic calendar. The date of Arafat Day varies each year, as it is determined by the Islamic lunar calendar. It falls on the 9th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, which is the twelfth and final month of the Islamic calendar.


Arafat Day has been observed in Saudi Arabia since the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It commemorates the day when the Prophet delivered his final sermon, known as the Farewell Sermon, to his followers at the Mount of Arafat during his last pilgrimage in 632 CE. The sermon is regarded as a significant event in Islamic history, as it serves as a guide to Muslims in matters of faith, morality, and social responsibility. The observance of Arafat Day in Saudi Arabia is a continuation of this historical event, and it has been celebrated in the country for centuries.


National customs for Arafat Day in Saudi Arabia

On Arafat Day, millions of Muslim pilgrims from around the world gather at the Mount of Arafat, also known as the Mountain of Mercy, in Saudi Arabia. The pilgrims spend the day in prayer, reflection, and supplication, seeking forgiveness and mercy from Allah. They also listen to sermons delivered by religious leaders at the site. Fasting on this day is highly recommended for Muslims who are not performing the Hajj pilgrimage, as it is believed to atone for sins committed in the past and future years.

Local customs for Arafat Day in Saudi Arabia

In addition to the national customs, there are local customs observed by the people of Saudi Arabia on Arafat Day. Many Saudi families gather together for special meals, prayers, and discussions about the significance of the day. They also engage in charitable activities, such as donating food, clothes, and money to the needy. This is in line with the teachings of the Prophet, who emphasized the importance of helping the less fortunate and maintaining strong ties with family and community.


Arafat Day is a day of great spiritual significance in Saudi Arabia, as it marks the culmination of the Hajj pilgrimage and commemorates the Prophet Muhammad's Farewell Sermon. Muslims from all over the world gather at the Mount of Arafat on this day to pray and seek forgiveness from Allah. The day is also marked by fasting, charitable acts, and family gatherings, reinforcing the importance of faith, compassion, and community in Islamic tradition.