Labor Day / May Day in Peru

Labor Day, also known as May Day, is a significant public holiday in Peru, where it is known as "Día del Trabajador" or "Día Internacional de los Trabajadores" in Spanish. This special day is dedicated to honoring and celebrating the contributions of workers to the country's social and economic well-being.

In Peru, Labor Day is celebrated annually on May 1st, just like in many other countries around the world. The date remains constant and does not change from year to year.


The history of Labor Day in Peru dates back to the early 20th century. Inspired by the international labor movement, Peruvian workers started to commemorate May Day in 1905. Over the years, the celebration gained importance and recognition, eventually becoming a public holiday by the decree of President Augusto B. Leguía in 1920. The main reason for the establishment of this holiday was to acknowledge the role of the working class in the development of the nation and to promote workers' rights.


National customs for Labor Day in Peru

Across the country, Labor Day is marked by various events and activities. Parades and marches are organized by labor unions and workers' associations in major cities like Lima, Arequipa, and Cusco. These events often feature speeches by union leaders and politicians, addressing the importance of workers' rights and the need for social and economic improvements.

Additionally, many people use the day off to spend time with their families and friends, enjoying picnics, barbecues, or outdoor activities. Some also take advantage of the long weekend to travel and explore different regions of the country.

Local customs for Labor Day in Peru

While the national customs are observed throughout Peru, some regions and cities have their own unique ways of celebrating Labor Day. For instance, in the city of Puno, located near Lake Titicaca, the day is marked by traditional music and dance performances, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the region. Similarly, in the northern city of Trujillo, people participate in various sports events and competitions, promoting physical fitness and camaraderie among workers.


Labor Day in Peru is a significant occasion that highlights the importance of the working class and their contributions to the country's growth and development. Celebrated on May 1st each year, the day is marked by various customs and activities, ranging from parades and marches to cultural performances and sports events. As a public holiday, it also offers an opportunity for people to relax, enjoy leisure activities, and spend quality time with their loved ones.