Independence Day in Panama

Independence Day, or "Día de la Independencia" in Spanish, is a significant national holiday in Panama. It is a day dedicated to celebrating the country's freedom and commemorating the events that led to its independence from Spain and later, from Colombia. In Panama, Independence Day is observed on two separate dates: November 3rd, which marks the separation from Colombia, and November 28th, which commemorates the country's independence from Spain.


Panama's Independence Day celebrations can be traced back to November 28, 1821, when the country declared its independence from Spain. After a brief period as part of the Gran Colombia, Panama became a province of Colombia. However, deep-rooted political and economic issues ultimately led to Panama's separation from Colombia on November 3, 1903. This separation was facilitated by the support of the United States, which later led to the construction of the Panama Canal.


National customs for Independence Day in Panama

Independence Day is a national holiday in Panama, and numerous customs and traditions are observed throughout the country. Some of the most popular customs include:

  1. Parades: Colorful parades take place in cities and towns across Panama, showcasing the country's rich cultural heritage. These parades often feature traditional music, dances, and elaborate costumes.

  2. Flag-raising ceremonies: As a symbol of national pride, flag-raising ceremonies are held in public squares and government buildings. This event is usually accompanied by the singing of the national anthem and speeches by local officials.

  3. Fireworks: Fireworks displays are a common way to celebrate Independence Day in Panama, lighting up the night sky in cities and towns across the country.

  4. Family gatherings: Panamanians often get together with family and friends to celebrate Independence Day, enjoying traditional food and drink while sharing stories about their country's history and culture.

Local customs for Independence Day in Panama

In addition to the national customs, there are also some local customs and traditions that are unique to specific regions in Panama. These may include:

  1. Local festivals: In some areas, particularly in rural communities, local festivals may be held to celebrate Independence Day. These events often feature traditional music, dances, and food, as well as competitions and games.

  2. Cultural performances: In some towns and cities, cultural performances may be held in honor of Independence Day. These performances can include traditional dances, poetry readings, and theatrical presentations that showcase Panama's rich cultural heritage.

  3. Sporting events: In some regions, sporting events such as soccer matches or baseball games may be organized as part of the Independence Day celebrations.


Independence Day is a cherished and significant holiday in Panama, serving as an opportunity for Panamanians to come together and celebrate their nation's history, culture, and identity. Through parades, fireworks, and various customs and traditions, both national and local, the people of Panama honor the events that led to their independence and take pride in their country's unique heritage.