Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone Holiday in Myanmar
Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone, also known as Tazaungdaing Festival, is a vibrant and colorful public holiday celebrated in Myanmar. The holiday is observed on the full moon day of the eighth month in the traditional Burmese lunar calendar, which usually falls in November.
The origins of the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone can be traced back to ancient times, with some historians suggesting that the festival has been celebrated in Myanmar since the time of the Bagan Kingdom (9th to 13th centuries). It is believed that the festival was initially held to pay homage to the gods and seek their blessings for a bountiful harvest. Over time, the festival has evolved and now incorporates various elements of Buddhism, as well as local customs and traditions.
National customs for Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone in Myanmar
On the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone, people across Myanmar participate in a variety of customs and activities to celebrate the holiday. One of the most popular customs is the Tazaungdaing Festival of Lights, during which homes, streets, and temples are adorned with colorful lanterns and candles. This is believed to symbolize the light of wisdom, driving away the darkness of ignorance.
Another key aspect of the festival is the offering of robes, known as "Kathein," to Buddhist monks. This practice stems from the belief that offering robes to the monks will earn the donor merit and ensure a prosperous future. The robes are typically offered in a ceremonious fashion, with processions and music accompanying the act of giving.
Traditional dances, such as the "Meiktila dance" and "Shan dance," are also performed during the Tazaungmone festivities. These dances showcase the rich cultural heritage of Myanmar and are an integral part of the celebrations.
Local customs for Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone in Myanmar
In addition to the national customs, various regions in Myanmar have their own unique ways of celebrating the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone. For example, in Taunggyi, a city in the Shan State, the festival is marked by the launch of enormous hot air balloons made from paper. These balloons are crafted by locals and often adorned with beautiful designs and patterns. The hot air balloons are believed to carry away bad luck and misfortunes, making way for good fortune in the coming year.
In other parts of the country, local festivals such as the Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda Festival and the Shwedagon Pagoda Festival are held during the Tazaungmone period. These festivals involve pilgrimages to sacred Buddhist sites, where devotees engage in prayers, meditation, and various religious activities.
The Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone is a significant and joyous occasion in Myanmar, bringing communities together to celebrate the country's rich cultural heritage and religious traditions. From the mesmerizing display of lanterns and candles to the lively traditional dances, the festival is a testament to the vibrant spirit of the people of Myanmar. With its unique blend of ancient customs, Buddhist practices, and regional variations, the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone is a truly fascinating and unforgettable experience for locals and visitors alike.