Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone in Myanmar
The Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone is an important religious and cultural celebration in Myanmar. Known as "Tazaungdaing" in the local Burmese language, this holiday is observed on the full moon day of Tazaungmone, the eighth month in the traditional Burmese calendar. The date usually falls in November, but may change slightly each year due to the lunar calendar.
The origin of the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone can be traced back to the ancient times when Myanmar, then known as Burma, was heavily influenced by Buddhism. The celebration is believed to have begun as a religious event to pay homage to the Buddha and observe the end of the Kahtein season, a period during which Buddhist monks are offered new robes and other necessities by the laypeople. The tradition of offering robes to monks on this day is said to have started by the Buddha's aunt, Maha Pajapati Gotami, who offered robes to the Buddha and his disciples.
National customs for Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone in Myanmar
The Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone is marked by various customs and traditions throughout Myanmar. The most notable of these is the robe offering ceremony, known as "Kathein," where people donate new robes and other essentials to Buddhist monks. This act of generosity symbolizes the strengthening of the bond between the laity and the monastic community.
Another significant custom during this celebration is the lighting of candles and lanterns. People illuminate their homes, streets, and temples with colorful lights and candles to create a festive atmosphere. This is believed to symbolize the light of wisdom that dispels the darkness of ignorance.
In addition to these religious activities, there are also various competitions and entertainment events held across the country. Traditional dance performances, music, and other cultural shows are organized to entertain the public and showcase the rich heritage of Myanmar.
Local customs for Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone in Myanmar
While the national customs are observed throughout Myanmar, there are also local customs and traditions that vary between regions. One such local custom is the Taunggyi Balloon Festival, which takes place in the city of Taunggyi. During this festival, people create large, elaborately decorated hot air balloons that are released into the sky. These balloons often carry fireworks, creating a spectacular display that attracts both local residents and tourists alike.
Another regional custom is the Pa-O ethnic group's unique way of celebrating the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone. Members of the Pa-O community gather in their traditional black and red attire to pay respects to the Buddha and participate in a grand procession.
The Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone is a significant religious and cultural event in Myanmar that brings together people from different regions and ethnicities. Through various national and local customs, this celebration highlights the importance of generosity, unity, and the preservation of Myanmar's rich cultural heritage. Whether it is through robe offerings, lighting candles, or enjoying local festivals, the Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone serves as a reminder of Myanmar's deep connection to its history and religion.