Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius

Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius, locally known as "Aapravasi Ghat," is an event which commemorates the arrival of indentured laborers to the island country. This significant event is observed on November 2nd every year in Mauritius.


The history of the Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius dates back to November 2, 1834, when the first group of indentured laborers from India arrived in the country. This event marked the beginning of the indentured labor system, which replaced slavery after its abolition in the British Empire in 1833. The British government sought an alternative labor force to maintain the booming sugar industry in their colonies, and they found it in the form of indentured laborers.

Over the years, around half a million indentured laborers arrived in Mauritius from India, China, and other parts of the world, significantly shaping the country's demographics and cultural landscape. In 2001, the government of Mauritius officially declared November 2nd as the day to commemorate the Arrival of Indentured Labourers, recognizing the immense contribution of these workers to the nation's development.


National customs for the Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius

On this day, various activities and events are organized across the country to pay tribute to the indentured laborers and their descendants. The events typically include cultural performances, exhibitions, and seminars that highlight the history and experiences of these laborers. The Aapravasi Ghat World Heritage Site, where the first indentured laborers landed in Mauritius, is a focal point for the celebrations.

The government of Mauritius organizes official ceremonies to commemorate the event, with speeches by prominent figures and dignitaries. Many Mauritians also visit the Aapravasi Ghat to pay their respects and learn more about their ancestors' history.

Local customs for the Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius

In various local communities across Mauritius, the Arrival of Indentured Labourers is celebrated with family gatherings, cultural events, and community activities. Some Mauritians may visit temples or other places of worship to offer prayers in memory of their ancestors who arrived as indentured laborers. It is also common for families to share stories about their ancestors' experiences and pay homage to their resilience and perseverance.

Many local schools and educational institutions also organize activities and workshops focused on the history of indentured labor in Mauritius, educating the younger generation about their ancestors' contributions and the country's rich cultural heritage.


The Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius is a significant event that acknowledges the immense contribution and sacrifices made by the indentured laborers and their descendants in shaping the nation's history and culture. Through various customs and activities, Mauritians come together to honor their ancestors, ensuring that their stories and experiences are remembered and cherished for generations to come.