Eid ul Adha in Mauritania

Eid ul Adha, also known as Eid al-Adha, is a significant Islamic festival celebrated in Mauritania, a predominantly Muslim country in West Africa. The event is locally referred to as Tabaski or Eid al-Kabir.

Eid ul Adha in Mauritania is based on the Islamic lunar calendar, and its date changes every year. It is observed on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth and final month of the Islamic calendar. The exact date depends on the sighting of the moon, and it is usually confirmed by religious authorities in the country.


The history of Eid ul Adha in Mauritania is deeply rooted in Islamic tradition, which dates back to the time of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his willingness to sacrifice his son, Isma'il (Ishmael), in obedience to Allah's command. Mauritania, being a predominantly Muslim country, has been celebrating this festival since the arrival of Islam in the region in the 11th century. The celebration of Eid ul Adha in Mauritania is closely linked to the annual Hajj pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia.


National customs for Eid ul Adha in Mauritania

In Mauritania, Eid ul Adha is a public holiday, and people usually prepare for the festivities in advance. As with many other Islamic countries, the celebration begins with a special prayer service called 'Eid Salat,' which is held in mosques and open spaces across the country. During this prayer, worshippers remember and honor the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim, and it is followed by a sermon delivered by the Imam.

The central custom of Eid ul Adha in Mauritania is the act of Qurbani, the ritual animal sacrifice. Families that can afford to do so purchase a sheep, goat, or cow, which is then slaughtered according to Islamic law. The meat is divided into three portions: one for the family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the less fortunate. This act of sharing embodies the spirit of charity and community that is central to the celebration of Eid ul Adha.

In Mauritania, people also dress in their best clothes, visit friends and family, and exchange gifts and well-wishes during the celebration. Traditional Mauritanian dishes are prepared and shared among loved ones, and children often receive new clothes, toys, or money as gifts.

Local customs for Eid ul Adha in Mauritania

While the national customs of Eid ul Adha are observed throughout Mauritania, there may be some local variations in the way the festival is celebrated. For instance, some regions may have unique traditional songs, dances, or other cultural expressions that are performed during the festivities. Additionally, local culinary specialties may be prepared and enjoyed alongside more widespread Mauritanian dishes.


Eid ul Adha is a significant and meaningful Islamic festival celebrated in Mauritania, reflecting the country's deep-rooted Islamic traditions and history. The customs of prayer, animal sacrifice, and sharing of food and gifts all serve to strengthen the bonds of family, friendship, and community in Mauritania, while also reminding Muslims of the importance of faith, obedience, and charity in their lives.