Malaysia Day in Malaysia

Malaysia Day, known as Hari Malaysia in the local Malay language, is an important public holiday in Malaysia. It commemorates the formation of the Malaysian Federation on September 16, 1963. This is the day when the British colonies of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore joined together to form Malaysia, a new nation in Southeast Asia. The holiday is observed annually on September 16th.


The historical roots of Malaysia Day can be traced back to the early 1960s when the Federation of Malaya, comprising of eleven states in the Malay Peninsula, gained independence from British colonial rule on August 31, 1957. This momentous event is celebrated as Malaysia's National Day, or Hari Merdeka. However, the story of Malaysia's formation was not yet complete.

In 1963, the British colonies of North Borneo (now Sabah), Sarawak, and Singapore, expressed their desire to join the newly independent Malaya to form a new nation. Following negotiations and the signing of the Malaysia Agreement, Malaysia was officially formed on September 16, 1963. Singapore, however, separated from Malaysia in 1965, to become an independent city-state.

Malaysia Day was first celebrated as a public holiday in 2010, after being officially recognized as a significant milestone in the country's history.


National customs for Malaysia Day

Malaysia Day is a nationwide celebration that brings together people of diverse ethnicities and cultural backgrounds. The day is marked by various events and activities, including parades, cultural performances, exhibitions, and patriotic songs. The national flag, Jalur Gemilang, is proudly displayed throughout the country, symbolizing unity and national pride.

In addition to these celebrations, Malaysia Day provides an opportunity for Malaysians to reflect on their shared history and the country's journey towards unity and development. Educational programs and discussions on the theme of national unity are often organized in schools, colleges, and community centers.

Local customs for Malaysia Day

While Malaysia Day is a national celebration, each state in the country also has its unique local customs and traditions. In Sabah and Sarawak, the indigenous communities such as the Kadazan-Dusun, Iban, and Dayak showcase their rich cultural heritage during this time. Traditional dances, music, and food are an integral part of the celebrations in these states.

In Peninsular Malaysia, communities such as the Malays, Chinese, and Indians also take part in the festivities, sharing their respective cultures and traditions with one another. Local events and activities, such as open houses, community gatherings, and cultural performances, are organized to foster a spirit of unity and understanding among the diverse ethnic groups.


Malaysia Day is a significant event in the country's history, marking the birth of a new nation and the unity of diverse cultures and ethnicities. It is a day of celebration, reflection, and appreciation for the journey Malaysia has undertaken since 1963. With its emphasis on national unity and cultural diversity, Malaysia Day serves as a reminder of the strength and resilience of the Malaysian people as they continue to forge a path towards a more harmonious and prosperous future.