Eid al-Adha Holiday in Libya

Eid al-Adha, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice, is a significant Islamic holiday celebrated in Libya, a predominantly Muslim country. In Arabic, the holiday is called عيد الأضحى‎ (Eid al-Adha). The celebration takes place annually and is one of the most important events in the Islamic calendar.

Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th and final month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The exact date of the holiday changes each year, as it depends on the sighting of the moon. In 2021, Eid al-Adha was observed from July 19th to July 23rd in Libya.


The origins of Eid al-Adha date back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his unwavering faith in Allah. The story tells of Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to God's command. However, as Ibrahim was about to perform the sacrifice, Allah intervened and provided a ram to be sacrificed in place of Ismail. As a result, Eid al-Adha commemorates this act of devotion and faith.

Libya, as a predominantly Muslim country, has been celebrating Eid al-Adha since the arrival of Islam in the region during the 7th century. The holiday has been observed and celebrated by Libyan Muslims for centuries, following the traditions and customs associated with the event.


National customs for Eid al-Adha in Libya

Across Libya, Eid al-Adha is marked by several national customs that are common throughout the country. The most significant of these customs is the act of sacrificing an animal, usually a sheep, goat, or cow. This act symbolizes Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son and serves as a reminder of the importance of devotion and faith in Islam.

The meat from the sacrificed animal is typically divided into three parts: one-third is given to the family, one-third is given to relatives, friends, and neighbors, and the remaining third is donated to the less fortunate. This practice emphasizes the importance of sharing and giving during the holiday.

In addition to the sacrifice, Libyan Muslims attend special prayers at mosques on the morning of Eid al-Adha. These prayers are followed by a sermon, which often focuses on the themes of faith, devotion, and sacrifice. After the prayers, families and friends gather to share meals and exchange gifts, celebrating the holiday together.

Local customs for Eid al-Adha in Libya

While the national customs of Eid al-Adha are observed throughout Libya, there are also some local customs and traditions that vary from region to region. In some areas, people may participate in traditional Libyan music and dance performances, while others may organize community events and feasts.

In some parts of Libya, families may prepare traditional Libyan dishes, such as couscous or bazeen, to share with their loved ones during the holiday. These dishes are often prepared using the meat from the sacrificed animal, further connecting the celebration to the story of Ibrahim and Ismail.


Eid al-Adha is a significant and meaningful holiday in Libya, as it is in many other Muslim-majority countries. Rooted in the story of Ibrahim and Ismail, the holiday emphasizes the importance of faith, devotion, and sacrifice in Islam. Through both national and local customs, Libyan Muslims come together to celebrate this important event, sharing food, gifts, and time with their loved ones.