Children's Day in Japan

Children's Day in Japan, also known as "Kodomo no Hi" (こどもの日), is a time-honored tradition that celebrates the happiness and well-being of children. The event takes place annually on May 5th, as part of Japan's Golden Week festivities.


Children's Day in Japan has its roots in an ancient Chinese festival called "Tango no Sekku", which was introduced to Japan during the Nara period (710-794). Initially, the festival was celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar, but it was later changed to May 5th when Japan adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1873. Tango no Sekku was originally a celebration for boys, while girls had their own festival called "Hina Matsuri" on March 3rd. In 1948, the Japanese government decided to combine the two festivals and designated May 5th as the official Children's Day, making it a national holiday to honor the happiness of all children, regardless of gender.


National customs for Children's Day in Japan

One of the most iconic symbols of Children's Day in Japan is the "koinobori" (鯉のぼり), which are colorful carp-shaped windsocks that are flown outside homes and at public places. The carp symbolizes strength and determination, as they are known for their ability to swim upstream. Each family typically flies one koinobori for each child, with the largest representing the eldest child.

Another popular custom during Children's Day is the display of "samurai" dolls and armor, which symbolize courage and strength. Families with boys often display these items in their homes, wishing for their sons to grow up strong and brave.

A traditional food enjoyed on Children's Day is "kashiwa-mochi", which are rice cakes filled with sweet bean paste and wrapped in oak leaves. The oak leaves symbolize strength and prosperity, as the new leaves emerge while the old leaves remain, symbolizing the continuity of the family.

Local customs for Children's Day in Japan

In addition to the national customs, there are also various local customs and events associated with Children's Day in Japan. For example, in some regions, children participate in traditional games and activities, such as sumo wrestling or tug-of-war.

In cities like Tokyo and Kyoto, special events are organized at temples, shrines, and parks, offering various activities for children and their families to enjoy. These events often include traditional performances, such as taiko drumming and dance performances, as well as workshops where children can learn about traditional arts and crafts.


Children's Day in Japan is a meaningful and joyous occasion that not only celebrates the happiness of children but also serves as a reminder of the importance of nurturing their growth and well-being. Through a rich tapestry of customs and traditions, both national and local, Japan honors its younger generations and instills in them the values of strength, courage, and perseverance for a bright future.