May Day in Ireland

May Day, also known as Lá Bealtaine in the Irish language, is a traditional festival celebrated in Ireland on the first day of May. It marks the beginning of the summer season and is associated with various customs and traditions. The date of May Day remains constant every year, falling on the 1st of May.


May Day has been celebrated in Ireland since ancient times, with its origins rooted in the Celtic festival of Bealtaine. This festival was held to honor the arrival of summer and the fertility of the land. It was believed that the spirits of the land and the faeries were particularly active during this time, and rituals were performed to ensure a fruitful harvest and protection from harm.

In later years, May Day became more of a community celebration. People would gather to perform traditional dances, play music, and light bonfires to mark the occasion. As Christianity spread throughout Ireland, some of the pagan elements of the celebration were incorporated into Christian traditions, such as the blessing of the cattle and the lighting of candles in churches.


National customs for May Day in Ireland

One of the most well-known customs associated with May Day in Ireland is the May Bush. This tradition involves decorating a small tree or bush with ribbons, flowers, and sometimes candles or lanterns. The May Bush is often placed near the home or in the center of a village, and it is believed to bring good luck and protection to those who live nearby.

Another popular May Day custom in Ireland is the making of May Boughs. These are small branches or twigs decorated with flowers, ribbons, and sometimes eggshells, which are hung on doors and windows to welcome the arrival of summer and ward off evil spirits.

In some parts of Ireland, people also celebrate May Day by attending fairs and festivals, where they can enjoy traditional music, dancing, and crafts.

Local customs for May Day in Ireland

While many May Day customs are celebrated throughout Ireland, some local customs are unique to certain regions. For example, in County Cork, it is customary to visit holy wells on May Day to bless oneself and to leave offerings of flowers and coins. In County Kerry, people traditionally climb Mount Brandon on May Day to pay homage to Saint Brendan and to enjoy the panoramic views of the surrounding countryside.

In other parts of Ireland, May Day is marked by the lighting of bonfires and the performance of traditional dances such as the Maypole dance, where participants weave ribbons around a tall pole in intricate patterns.


May Day in Ireland, or Lá Bealtaine, is a celebration rooted in ancient Celtic traditions and customs that have evolved over time to become a unique blend of pagan and Christian influences. From the decoration of May Bushes and May Boughs to the lighting of bonfires and the performance of traditional dances, the customs and traditions of May Day continue to bring communities together to celebrate the arrival of summer and the fertility of the land.