Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq in Iran

The Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq is an important religious event in Iran, celebrated by millions of people across the country. Known as Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif (میلاد پیامبر اکرم و امام صادق) in the local language, this occasion commemorates the birth of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the sixth Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, Imam Jafar al-Sadeq.

The date of this celebration varies each year, as it is based on the Islamic lunar calendar. Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif is observed on the 17th of Rabi' al-Awwal, while Imam Sadeq's birthday falls on the 25th of the same month. As these dates are only eight days apart, the two events are often combined into one celebration in Iran.


The tradition of celebrating the birth of Prophet Muhammad dates back to the early Islamic era. In Iran, the custom of observing Mawlid al-Nabi al-Sharif and Imam Sadeq's birthday has been prevalent since the establishment of the Safavid dynasty in the early 16th century. The Safavids were instrumental in promoting Shia Islam as the state religion of Iran, and they encouraged the commemoration of important religious events such as the birthdays of the Prophet and the Imams.


National customs for the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq in Iran

On this special day, Iranians from all walks of life come together to honor the lives and teachings of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq. The celebration includes various religious and cultural activities such as reciting prayers, reading poetry, and singing hymns in praise of the two revered figures. Mosques, religious centers, and public spaces are often adorned with colorful decorations and lights, creating a festive atmosphere.

Many Iranians also take part in organizing and attending religious gatherings called Milad, where they listen to sermons about the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq. These gatherings often involve the distribution of sweets and food, as sharing and charity are important aspects of the celebration.

Local customs for the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq in Iran

In different regions of Iran, people observe this special occasion with their unique local customs and traditions. In some areas, there are special theatrical performances known as Tazieh, which depict episodes from the life of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq as well as other significant events in Islamic history. Tazieh serves as a way to educate and remind people of the values and principles of Islam.

In some rural parts of Iran, people celebrate the occasion by preparing traditional meals and inviting their neighbors and relatives to join them in the festivities. It is also common for people to visit the graves of their loved ones to pay their respects and offer prayers, as a way of including the deceased in the celebrations.


The Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq is a significant event in Iran, reflecting the deep-rooted religious and cultural values of the Iranian people. Through various customs and traditions, Iranians honor and remember the lives and teachings of these two revered figures, fostering a sense of unity and togetherness among the community. This special celebration showcases the importance of love, compassion, and charity in Iranian society, as well as the enduring legacy of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq.