May Day in India

May Day, also known as International Workers' Day, is celebrated in India as a significant day to honor the contributions of workers and laborers. The day is observed on the 1st of May every year and is also referred to as 'Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas' or 'Kamgar Din' in the local language.


The history of May Day in India dates back to 1923 when it was first celebrated in the city of Chennai (then known as Madras) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan. The party's leader, Singaravelar, organized two meetings to mark the occasion and to discuss the workers' rights and issues. The celebration was in solidarity with the international labor movement that began after the Haymarket affair in Chicago in 1886. Since then, May Day has been observed annually in India as a day to honor the struggles and achievements of the working class.


National customs for May Day in India

On May Day, various events and programs are organized across the country to celebrate the achievements of workers and raise awareness about their rights and issues. Trade unions and labor organizations lead rallies and demonstrations, where workers and supporters come together to voice their demands and concerns. The day is often marked by speeches, cultural performances, and seminars that focus on the importance of labor rights and the need for social and economic justice.

In India, May Day is a public holiday in several states, allowing workers and laborers to take a break from their daily routines and participate in the celebrations. Government offices, schools, and many businesses remain closed on this day.

Local customs for May Day in India

While May Day is celebrated across India, some regions and communities have their unique ways of observing the day. For example, in the state of Maharashtra, May Day coincides with 'Maharashtra Day,' which marks the formation of the state. On this day, the state government organizes various events and cultural programs to celebrate the day, and workers' rights are included in the celebrations.

In some rural parts of India, May Day is also associated with the onset of the agricultural season. Farmers and laborers celebrate the day by worshipping their tools and equipment and praying for a good harvest.


May Day in India is a significant event that highlights the importance of workers' rights and their contributions towards the nation's progress. The day brings together people from diverse backgrounds to celebrate the achievements of the working class and raise awareness about the issues they face. By honoring the struggles and accomplishments of the labor force, May Day plays a crucial role in fostering a sense of unity and solidarity among the people of India.