Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India

Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti, also known as Gandhi Jayanti, is a national event in India that commemorates the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement and a global symbol of peace and non-violence. This event is celebrated annually on October 2nd, which is a public holiday in India.


Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti was first celebrated in India on October 2, 1948, just a year after India gained its independence from British rule. The day was chosen to honor the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869. Gandhi played a crucial role in India's struggle for freedom by advocating non-violent civil disobedience against British rule. He became an inspiration for millions of people across the globe, and his teachings continue to influence various social and political movements.


National customs for Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India

On Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti, the entire nation remembers and pays tribute to the life and contributions of Mahatma Gandhi. Many events and activities are organized throughout the country to celebrate this day. Some of the most common customs include:

  1. Prayer meetings and gatherings are held at Raj Ghat, the memorial of Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi, where people from different faiths come together to offer prayers and pay their respects to the great leader.

  2. The President and Prime Minister of India, along with other political leaders, pay floral tributes at Raj Ghat and address the nation.

  3. Educational institutions organize various programs, including essay writing competitions, debates, and seminars on the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.

  4. People sing Gandhi's favorite devotional songs, such as "Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram" and "Vaishnav Jan To," which reflect his spiritual beliefs and principles.

  5. The government encourages the promotion of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign) on this day, as cleanliness was one of Gandhi's core beliefs.

Local customs for Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India

Apart from the national customs, several local customs are also observed in different parts of the country. Some of these include:

  1. In Maharashtra, especially in Mumbai, various NGOs and social organizations conduct beach clean-up drives and tree plantation drives to promote environmental awareness, a cause close to Gandhi's heart.

  2. In Gujarat, Gandhi's home state, people pay homage to him by visiting Sabarmati Ashram, his residence and the center of his non-violent movement. Various cultural programs and activities are organized at the ashram.

  3. In West Bengal, artists create beautiful paintings and sculptures of Mahatma Gandhi, which are displayed in public places and art galleries.

  4. In various parts of the country, especially rural areas, people perform street plays and skits highlighting the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.


Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti is a significant event in India that serves as a reminder of the principles and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, who fought relentlessly for India's independence through non-violent means. The day is marked by numerous events and activities that aim to promote peace, unity, and cleanliness, reflecting the values that Gandhi stood for. It is a day for the people of India to come together and celebrate the life of a leader who inspired millions and left an indelible mark on the world.