Maha Saptami in India

Maha Saptami, also known as Durga Saptami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated across India, particularly in the eastern states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha. This auspicious event marks the beginning of the annual Durga Puja festival, which honors the Goddess Durga and her triumph over the demon Mahishasura. Maha Saptami falls on the seventh day of the bright fortnight in the Hindu lunar month of Ashwin, which typically corresponds to September or October in the Gregorian calendar.


The origin of Maha Saptami can be traced back to ancient Indian mythology and the Puranas texts. According to Hindu mythology, Goddess Durga was created by the combined powers of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva to defeat the demon Mahishasura. The battle between the Goddess and the demon lasted for nine days and nights, and ultimately, Durga emerged victorious on the tenth day, known as Vijayadashami. Maha Saptami commemorates this divine victory and symbolizes the triumph of good over evil.

The celebration of Durga Puja and Maha Saptami in India can be traced back to the 16th century, during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Over time, the festival has evolved and adapted to regional variations and customs, making it an integral part of Indian culture and tradition.


National customs for Maha Saptami in India

Maha Saptami is observed by numerous customs and rituals throughout India. The day begins with a ritual called "Nabapatrika Snan," where the stems of nine different plants are tied together, representing the nine forms of Goddess Durga. This bundle of plants, known as "Kala Bou" or "Nabapatrika," is then bathed in a nearby river or water body, signifying the purification and awakening of the Goddess.

On this day, devotees throng to temples and pandals (temporary structures built for the festival) to offer prayers and seek blessings from the Goddess Durga. The atmosphere is filled with the enchanting sounds of bells, conch shells, and chanting of hymns. Traditional music and dance performances, as well as cultural programs, are organized to showcase the rich artistic heritage of the region.

Local customs for Maha Saptami in India

While Maha Saptami is celebrated across India, some regional customs and traditions make the celebration unique to each area. In West Bengal, for example, a significant tradition called "Dhunuchi Naach" is performed during the festival. It is a mesmerizing dance performed with earthen lamps filled with burning coconut husks and camphor, accompanied by the rhythmic beats of the traditional "Dhak" drums.

In the state of Odisha, Maha Saptami is known as "Chhanda Saptami." The locals pay homage to the Sun God by taking a holy bath in rivers and ponds before sunrise. They also prepare a special dish called "Chhanda Pitha" to offer to the deity as a symbol of gratitude and devotion.


Maha Saptami is a vibrant and significant festival in India, celebrated with great zeal and fervor. It marks the beginning of the annual Durga Puja celebrations and is a testament to the country's rich cultural heritage and religious diversity. The customs and traditions associated with Maha Saptami showcase the unique blend of spirituality, art, and devotion that is deeply rooted in Indian culture.