Birthday of Ravindranath in India
Ravindranath Tagore, a celebrated poet, philosopher, and polymath, is highly revered in India. His birthday, known as Rabindra Jayanti in the local Bengali language, is an important event celebrated across the country with great enthusiasm and zeal.
Ravindranath Tagore's birthday is celebrated on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boishakh, which usually falls on May 7th or 8th in the Gregorian calendar. The date may vary slightly each year based on the lunar calendar.
India started celebrating Ravindranath Tagore's birthday soon after his demise in 1941. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913, and his works, especially the collection of poems titled "Gitanjali," gained significant recognition worldwide. Tagore's immense contribution to Indian literature, music, and art made him an iconic figure in the country, and his birthday has since been celebrated to honor his legacy.
National customs for Ravindranath Tagore's Birthday in India
Ravindranath Tagore's birthday is celebrated with various events and programs across India. Educational institutions, especially those founded by Tagore, such as Visva-Bharati University in Shantiniketan, West Bengal, organize special events to commemorate his life and works. Cultural programs, including recitals of his poetry, songs, and dance dramas, are held in many places, showcasing the rich artistic heritage that Tagore left behind.
In addition, seminars, workshops, and discussions on Tagore's contributions to literature and the arts are organized, helping to spread awareness about his work among the younger generation. Many people pay tribute to Tagore by visiting his ancestral home in Jorasanko, Kolkata, which is now a museum dedicated to his life and works, called the Rabindra Bharati Museum.
Local customs for Ravindranath Tagore's Birthday in India
In West Bengal, where Tagore was born and raised, his birthday celebrations take on a more personal and localized flavor. Bengalis honor Tagore by singing his songs, called Rabindra Sangeet, and reciting his poems in gatherings of friends and family, as well as in public events. Schools and colleges in the state hold special functions to mark the occasion, where students perform dramas, recitations, and dances based on Tagore's compositions.
In the city of Shantiniketan, where Tagore established the Visva-Bharati University, the celebrations are particularly grand. The university organizes a three-day-long cultural festival called Basanta Utsav, which coincides with Rabindra Jayanti. The festival is marked by colorful cultural programs, musical performances, and traditional Bengali attire.
Ravindranath Tagore's birthday in India is a fitting tribute to a man who made an indelible mark on the country's literature, music, and art. As a national icon, Tagore continues to inspire generations of Indians through his timeless works, and the celebrations surrounding his birthday only serve to enhance his legacy.