Ambedkar Jayanti in India

Ambedkar Jayanti, also known as Bhim Jayanti, is an important annual event in India that celebrates the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a prominent Indian jurist, economist, politician, and social reformer. The event is commemorated every year on April 14th, the day Dr. Ambedkar was born in 1891.


Ambedkar Jayanti has been celebrated in India since 1951, just a few months after Dr. Ambedkar's death on December 6, 1950. The day is observed to honor his immense contributions to Indian society, particularly in the fight against social discrimination and the promotion of equality. Dr. Ambedkar is widely regarded as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution and a champion of social justice for marginalized communities, particularly the Dalits (formerly known as untouchables).


National customs for Ambedkar Jayanti in India

Ambedkar Jayanti is observed all across India with various programs and events organized by both government and non-government organizations. Some of the national customs and traditions for the celebration of Ambedkar Jayanti include:

  1. Flag hoisting: The national flag is hoisted at various locations across the country, including public institutions and government offices, to pay homage to Dr. Ambedkar.

  2. Floral tributes: People pay their respects by offering floral tributes at statues and memorials of Dr. Ambedkar.

  3. Speeches and seminars: Educational institutions, government bodies, and NGOs organize speeches, seminars, and discussions highlighting Dr. Ambedkar's work, thoughts, and contributions to Indian society.

  4. Cultural programs: Various cultural programs, including dance, music, and theatrical performances, are organized to showcase the rich cultural heritage of India and to promote the message of social harmony and equality.

  5. Awards and honors: The government of India and various organizations present awards and honors to individuals and institutions that have made significant contributions to the fields of social justice and equality.

Local customs for Ambedkar Jayanti in India

In addition to the national customs, there are several local customs and traditions associated with the celebration of Ambedkar Jayanti, varying from region to region. Some of these local customs include:

  1. Processions: In many parts of India, processions are organized where people carry portraits of Dr. Ambedkar and march through the streets, singing songs and raising slogans in his honor.

  2. Community meals: In many communities, particularly among the Dalits, people come together to prepare and share meals as a symbol of unity and brotherhood.

  3. Educational activities: Local schools and colleges organize essay writing competitions, debates, and quiz contests to encourage students to learn more about Dr. Ambedkar's life and work.

  4. Acts of charity: Many people choose to perform acts of charity on this day, such as distributing food, clothes, and other essentials to the underprivileged.


Ambedkar Jayanti is a significant event in India that serves as a reminder of the importance of social justice, equality, and the fight against discrimination. The day is marked by various customs and traditions, both at the national and local levels, to honor the life and legacy of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a true icon of Indian history.