Walpurgis Night in Germany

Walpurgis Night, also known as "Walpurgisnacht" in German, is a traditional holiday celebrated in Germany on April 30th. It marks the eve of the feast day of Saint Walpurga, an 8th-century English missionary and abbess who was canonized on May 1st. The celebration is held annually, and its festivities are deeply rooted in German folklore and tradition.


Walpurgis Night has been celebrated in Germany since medieval times, initially as a pagan festival to ward off evil spirits and witches. The legend has it that witches would gather on the Brocken, the highest peak in the Harz Mountains, on this night to perform rituals and welcome the spring. The celebration eventually merged with the Christian feast day of Saint Walpurga, who was known for her efforts in combatting witchcraft and paganism. Over time, this fusion of pagan and Christian traditions evolved into the modern celebration of Walpurgis Night.


National customs for Walpurgis Night in Germany

Across Germany, Walpurgis Night is marked by various customs and traditions, many of which are intended to ward off evil spirits and witches. One of the most common practices is lighting large bonfires, which symbolize the triumph of light over darkness and the coming of spring. People often gather around these bonfires to sing, dance, and celebrate the arrival of warmer weather.

In addition to bonfires, many communities also organize parades and other festivities to mark the occasion. Costumes play a significant role in these celebrations, with participants often dressing up as witches and other mythical creatures. This allows people to embrace the supernatural aspect of the holiday while also poking fun at its origins.

Local customs for Walpurgis Night in Germany

While the national customs mentioned above are prevalent throughout Germany, some regions have their own unique traditions for celebrating Walpurgis Night. In the Harz Mountains, for example, the town of Schierke hosts a popular Walpurgis Night event that includes a torchlit procession, live music, and a spectacular fire show. Meanwhile, in the Bavarian town of Bamberg, residents celebrate by dancing around a "Maibaum" (Maypole) and participating in various folk customs.

In some areas, people also engage in "Hexenfeuer" (witches' fire), a tradition in which they burn old brooms or other objects to symbolize the banishment of winter and the arrival of spring. This practice is particularly popular in rural communities and adds an extra layer of symbolism to the already rich tapestry of Walpurgis Night customs.


Walpurgis Night in Germany is a fascinating blend of ancient pagan traditions and Christian beliefs, resulting in a unique and lively celebration that marks the end of winter and the arrival of spring. From bonfires and parades to regional customs like Hexenfeuer, this holiday offers a glimpse into Germany's rich cultural history and provides an opportunity for people to come together and celebrate the changing of the seasons.