Second Day of Passover in Germany

The Second Day of Passover, known as the "Zweiter Pessachtag" in German, is an important Jewish holiday observed in Germany. It commemorates the Jewish people's liberation from slavery in ancient Egypt and their journey to freedom under the leadership of Moses.

The Second Day of Passover in Germany usually falls on the 16th day of the Jewish month of Nisan, which typically falls sometime in April. The specific date changes every year according to the Hebrew calendar.


The celebration of Passover in Germany can be traced back to the medieval period when Jewish communities were established in various parts of the country. The history of Passover in Germany is marked by both vibrant celebrations and periods of persecution, as the Jewish community faced numerous challenges throughout history. The emancipation of Jews in the 19th century and the eventual establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 have allowed Jewish Germans to continue celebrating Passover in a more open and inclusive environment.


National customs for the Second Day of Passover in Germany

The Second Day of Passover in Germany follows many of the same customs and traditions observed by Jews worldwide. A key element of the Passover celebration is the Seder, a ritual meal held on the first night of Passover. In some families, a second Seder is also held on the second night. During the Seder, the story of the Exodus from Egypt is retold, and various symbolic foods are consumed to represent different aspects of the journey to freedom.

Throughout the eight days of Passover, observant Jews in Germany abstain from eating any leavened foods, such as bread and pastries, in remembrance of the haste with which the Israelites left Egypt. Instead, they eat matzah, an unleavened bread, and prepare meals that adhere to the dietary restrictions of the holiday.

Local customs for the Second Day of Passover in Germany

While the overall customs for the Second Day of Passover in Germany are similar to those in other countries, there are some unique local traditions. In some regions, Jewish communities organize communal Seders, where participants gather to share the festive meal and engage in the retelling of the Exodus story. These communal Seders often include special prayers and songs in German, as well as the traditional Hebrew texts.

Another local custom in Germany is the incorporation of German cuisine into the Passover menu. Traditional German dishes, such as potato pancakes and various types of fish, are often adapted to meet the Passover dietary restrictions and enjoyed during the holiday.


The Second Day of Passover in Germany is a significant holiday that allows Jewish Germans to connect with their religious and cultural heritage. Through a combination of national and local customs, the celebration of Passover in Germany reflects the resilience and adaptability of the Jewish community throughout history.