First Day of Shavuot in Germany

The First Day of Shavuot, also known as Pfingsten in Germany, is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the giving of the Torah to the Jewish people at Mount Sinai. It is one of the three major Jewish pilgrimage festivals, alongside Passover and Sukkot.

In Germany, the date of Shavuot varies each year, as it is calculated based on the lunar Jewish calendar. It falls on the 6th of Sivan, which usually corresponds to late May or early June in the Gregorian calendar.


The celebration of Shavuot in Germany dates back to the early Jewish communities that have existed in the country since the Middle Ages. During this time, Jewish communities began to form in cities such as Frankfurt, Worms, and Mainz. These communities continued to grow and evolve, with the celebration of Shavuot remaining an important religious observance throughout the centuries.


National customs for the First Day of Shavuot in Germany

In Germany, the First Day of Shavuot is marked by various customs and traditions that are observed by the Jewish community. One of the most significant customs is the reading of the Book of Ruth in synagogues, which tells the story of a Moabite woman who converts to Judaism and becomes the great-grandmother of King David. The Book of Ruth is said to symbolize the acceptance of the Torah by the Jewish people.

Another important custom is the consumption of dairy foods during the holiday, as it is believed that the Torah is like milk, providing nourishment to the soul. This can include dishes such as cheesecake, blintzes, and other dairy-based recipes.

Local customs for the First Day of Shavuot in Germany

While the customs of Shavuot are generally similar across Jewish communities in Germany, there may be some variations in how the holiday is celebrated in different regions or cities. For example, some communities may place a greater emphasis on studying the Torah throughout the night, known as Tikkun Leil Shavuot, while others may focus more on communal prayer services and gatherings.

In some areas of Germany, the Jewish community may also participate in cultural events and gatherings to celebrate Shavuot, such as concerts, lectures, or exhibitions related to Jewish history and culture.


The First Day of Shavuot is an important and meaningful holiday for the Jewish community in Germany, serving as a reminder of their connection to the Torah and their shared history. Through various customs and traditions, both national and local, the holiday is celebrated with joy and reverence, as the Jewish people in Germany continue to honor their rich heritage and faith.