First Day of Passover in Germany

The First Day of Passover, also known as Pesach in Hebrew, is an important Jewish holiday celebrated in Germany. This holiday commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt, as described in the Hebrew Bible.

The date of the First Day of Passover varies each year, as it is based on the Jewish lunar calendar. It usually falls between late March and late April in the Gregorian calendar. The celebration lasts for eight days, with the first and last days being the most significant.


The celebration of Passover in Germany can be traced back to the early presence of Jewish communities in the country, which dates back to the Middle Ages. Passover has been celebrated in Germany for centuries, despite periods of persecution and the Holocaust. Today, the Jewish community in Germany is growing and Passover is once again celebrated with reverence and joy.


National customs for First Day of Passover in Germany

The customs for the First Day of Passover in Germany are similar to those observed by Jewish communities around the world. The celebration begins with a ceremonial meal called the Seder, which takes place on the first night of Passover. Families gather around the table to retell the story of the Exodus from Egypt and to partake in symbolic foods representing different aspects of the story.

The Seder plate is a central element of the meal, containing items such as a roasted shank bone, a roasted egg, bitter herbs, charoset (a sweet mixture of fruits, nuts, and wine), and a green vegetable. The Haggadah, a Jewish text containing the story of the Exodus, is read aloud during the Seder.

Throughout the eight days of Passover, observing Jews in Germany refrain from eating leavened bread and instead eat matzah, an unleavened flatbread. This is in remembrance of the Israelites leaving Egypt in haste and not having time for their bread to rise.

Local customs for First Day of Passover in Germany

While the main customs of Passover are consistent among Jewish communities in Germany, there may be some variations in the way the Seder is conducted or in the specific foods prepared, depending on regional or family traditions. Some families may include unique family recipes or additional symbolic foods on the Seder plate.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in incorporating German-Jewish culinary traditions into Passover celebrations. This may include dishes such as matzah ball soup, gefilte fish, or Passover-friendly versions of traditional German desserts.


The First Day of Passover in Germany is a time for Jewish families to come together in celebration and remembrance of their ancestors' liberation from slavery in Egypt. Through the rituals and customs of the Seder meal and the week-long observance of Passover, the Jewish community in Germany continues to honor its history and traditions while adapting to modern times and local influences.