Ashura in Germany
Ashura, also known as "Aschura" in German, is a significant religious event observed by both Sunni and Shia Muslims in Germany. Ashura marks the tenth day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar.
In Germany, the date of Ashura varies each year as the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle. The specific date is determined by the sighting of the new moon, which can differ depending on the region.
Ashura's observance in Germany can be traced back to the arrival of Muslim immigrants, mainly from Turkey, in the 1960s and 1970s. These immigrants brought their religious practices and traditions with them, including the commemoration of Ashura. The event holds different significance for Sunni and Shia Muslims. For Sunnis, Ashura is a day of fasting, while for Shias, it is a day of mourning for the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad.
National customs for Ashura in Germany
In Germany, Muslims gather at mosques or community centers to observe Ashura. Sunni Muslims may choose to fast on this day, following the example of Prophet Muhammad, who fasted on the ninth and tenth of Muharram. Shia Muslims, on the other hand, commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein through mourning rituals, which may include reciting poems, listening to sermons, and participating in processions.
Local customs for Ashura in Germany
Local customs for Ashura in Germany can vary depending on the cultural background of the Muslim communities. For example, some Turkish Sunni Muslims may prepare a special meal called "Asure," also known as Noah's Pudding, which is shared with neighbors and friends. This dish symbolizes unity and solidarity, as it is made from a variety of grains, fruits, and nuts.
In some cities with a significant Shia Muslim population, such as Hamburg and Berlin, mourning processions known as "Azadari" take place. Participants often wear black clothing and walk through the streets, beating their chests and chanting in remembrance of Imam Hussein's sacrifice.
Ashura in Germany is a significant religious event for the Muslim community, observed with various customs and traditions depending on one's cultural background and sect. Whether through fasting, preparing special meals, or participating in mourning rituals, Muslims in Germany come together to remember the events of Ashura and reflect on their faith.