Independence Restoration Day in Georgia

Independence Restoration Day, also known as the Day of National Unity, is a significant public holiday in Georgia. Celebrated on April 9th every year, this day commemorates the restoration of Georgia's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.


Independence Restoration Day has a vital historical background. Georgia initially declared its independence from the Russian Empire on May 26, 1918, and established the Democratic Republic of Georgia. However, in 1921, the Soviet Red Army invaded Georgia, abolishing its independence and incorporating it into the Soviet Union. For almost 70 years, Georgia remained under Soviet rule.

The path to independence began with peaceful protests in 1988 demanding Georgia's secession from the Soviet Union. On April 9, 1989, these protests took a tragic turn when Soviet troops dispersed the demonstrators, resulting in 21 deaths and hundreds of injuries. This tragic event, known as the Tbilisi Massacre, intensified the Georgian independence movement and ultimately led to the restoration of Georgia's independence on April 9, 1991.


National customs for Independence Restoration Day in Georgia

Independence Restoration Day is a day of remembrance and celebration for the people of Georgia. The day is marked by various national customs that bring the country together in unity and solidarity.

Georgians observe a moment of silence in memory of the victims of the Tbilisi Massacre. This is followed by official ceremonies, speeches, and public gatherings that take place throughout the country. The Georgian flag is raised in public places, and buildings are illuminated in the colors of the national flag.

Cultural events, such as concerts and performances, are organized showcasing Georgian music, dance, and other forms of art. These events serve as a reminder of Georgia's rich cultural heritage and the importance of national unity in the face of adversity.

Local customs for Independence Restoration Day in Georgia

Independence Restoration Day is also marked by various local customs that are unique to different regions and communities in Georgia. Many localities organize their own events and activities to celebrate this important day in their own way.

In Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, a special ceremony is held at the memorial dedicated to the victims of the Tbilisi Massacre. Family members of the victims, government officials, and ordinary citizens gather to pay their respects and lay flowers at the memorial.

In other regions, local communities may hold their own ceremonies, parades, and cultural events, reflecting their specific regional traditions and customs. These local celebrations also serve as an opportunity for communities to come together and strengthen their bonds.


Independence Restoration Day in Georgia is a poignant reminder of the country's struggle for freedom and the sacrifices made by its people. It is a day to remember the victims of the Tbilisi Massacre and to celebrate the unity and resilience of the Georgian nation. Through national and local customs, Georgians come together to commemorate their hard-earned independence and reaffirm their commitment to preserving their culture, heritage, and national identity.