Midsummer Day in Estonia

Midsummer Day, known as Jaanipäev in Estonia, is a significant annual celebration that marks the summer solstice. It is a time when Estonians come together to rejoice in the longest day and shortest night of the year.

In Estonia, Midsummer Day is celebrated on June 24th. However, the festivities usually begin on the evening of June 23rd, known as Jaaniõhtu, and continue throughout the night until the early hours of the following day.


The tradition of celebrating Midsummer Day in Estonia dates back to pre-Christian times. It was initially a pagan festival that honored the sun and marked the beginning of the summer season. With the arrival of Christianity in Estonia, the festival became associated with Saint John the Baptist, and the name Jaanipäev was derived from the Estonian word for John – "Jaan."


National customs for Midsummer Day in Estonia

Midsummer Day celebrations in Estonia are characterized by various national customs that bring people together in joyful festivities. One of the most important customs is lighting a bonfire, which symbolizes the sun and is believed to protect against evil spirits. The bonfire is typically surrounded by people singing, dancing, and enjoying traditional Estonian food and beverages.

Another popular custom during Midsummer Day in Estonia is the search for the mythical fern flower. According to Estonian folklore, the fern flower blooms only on the night of Jaanipäev and grants wishes to those who find it. As a result, many people venture into the woods during the celebrations to search for this elusive flower.

Local customs for Midsummer Day in Estonia

In addition to the national customs, there are several regional and local traditions associated with Midsummer Day in Estonia. In some areas, people decorate their homes, streets, and villages with birch branches, symbolizing the connection with nature and the arrival of summer.

In rural areas, it is common for people to dress in traditional Estonian clothing and participate in various folk games and dances. There are also local songs and poems dedicated to Midsummer Day, which are often performed during the celebrations.


Midsummer Day, or Jaanipäev, is a deeply ingrained part of Estonian culture and heritage. The customs and traditions associated with this celebration highlight the importance of nature, folklore, and community in Estonian life. As the country continues to embrace its rich history and cultural identity, the spirit of Midsummer Day remains a cherished and integral part of Estonia's annual calendar.