Flag Day in Estonia

Flag Day, also known as Estonian Flag Day or in Estonian as "Eesti lipu päev," is an important national event in Estonia. It is celebrated on June 4th each year to honor the Estonian flag and its symbolism for the country's independence, unity, and identity.


The celebration of Flag Day in Estonia dates back to June 4th, 1934, when the first flag-raising ceremony took place at the birthplace of the Estonian flag - the city of Otepää. The flag itself, consisting of blue, black, and white horizontal stripes, was consecrated on June 4th, 1884, by a group of Estonian students in Otepää. Since then, it has become a symbol of national pride and the struggle for independence. The flag represents the beautiful Estonian nature, the dark history of the country, and the aspiration for a brighter future. In 1956, during the Soviet occupation, celebrating Flag Day was prohibited, but the tradition was restored after Estonia regained its independence in 1991.


National customs for Flag Day in Estonia

On Flag Day, the Estonian flag is hoisted on buildings, public institutions, and private homes throughout the country. The day usually begins with a flag-raising ceremony at sunrise, followed by various events and activities organized by local governments, schools, and cultural institutions. These events often include concerts, parades, lectures, and exhibitions related to Estonian history and culture. Additionally, the President of Estonia usually delivers a speech or attends a public event to commemorate the day.

Local customs for Flag Day in Estonia

While the national customs for Flag Day are observed throughout Estonia, some local customs and traditions are specific to certain regions or cities. For instance, in Otepää, the birthplace of the Estonian flag, the local community organizes special events and ceremonies to honor the flag's history and significance. These events may include guided tours of historical sites, reenactments of the original flag consecration, and other cultural activities that showcase the city's unique connection to the Estonian flag.


Flag Day is an essential part of Estonia's national identity, commemorating the history and symbolism of the country's flag. The celebration of Flag Day across Estonia, with both national and local customs, reflects the pride and unity of the Estonian people. The day serves as a reminder of their past struggles and as a symbol of hope for a bright and prosperous future.