Spring Festival in Egypt

The Spring Festival, known as Sham El Nessim in Egypt, is an annual celebration that marks the beginning of spring. Sham El Nessim, which translates to "smelling the breeze," is a time-honored tradition in Egypt, dating back thousands of years to the time of the Pharaohs.

Sham El Nessim is celebrated on the day following the Coptic Christian Easter, which falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon of the vernal equinox. As a result, the date of the festival changes every year, usually falling between April 10th and May 2nd.


The origins of Sham El Nessim can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where it was celebrated as a feast of renewal and rebirth. It was initially associated with the agricultural cycle and the beginning of the harvest season. Over time, the festival evolved and was eventually incorporated into the Coptic Christian calendar, where it has remained an important cultural event in Egypt.

Historically, the celebration of Sham El Nessim was marked by various rituals and ceremonies, including offerings to the gods and the painting of eggs, which symbolized fertility and new life. Today, many of these ancient traditions are still preserved, and the festival is considered a national holiday, celebrated by Egyptians of all religious backgrounds.


National customs for the Spring Festival in Egypt

One of the most well-known customs of Sham El Nessim is the coloring and decorating of eggs. This tradition dates back to ancient times and is believed to symbolize fertility, new life, and the renewal of nature. Families gather together to paint eggs in vibrant colors, often incorporating intricate designs and patterns.

Another popular custom during the Spring Festival is picnicking in parks and along the Nile River. Egyptians take advantage of the beautiful spring weather and spend time outdoors with their loved ones, enjoying traditional food and the picturesque scenery.

A traditional dish enjoyed during Sham El Nessim is "fesikh," a fermented, salted fish that is considered a delicacy in Egypt. The preparation of fesikh involves a lengthy process of drying and fermenting the fish, which is then consumed with onions, lemons, and bread. This dish is an essential part of the Spring Festival celebrations and is enjoyed by many Egyptians during this time.

Local customs for the Spring Festival in Egypt

While the customs mentioned above are observed throughout Egypt, some regions have their own unique traditions and practices during Sham El Nessim. For example, in the city of Alexandria, it is common for families to visit the beach and participate in various recreational activities, such as swimming and beach volleyball.

In rural areas, the Spring Festival may be celebrated with local music and dancing, as well as traditional games and competitions. These local customs add a unique flavor to the festivities, making Sham El Nessim a diverse and vibrant celebration throughout Egypt.


Sham El Nessim is a cherished tradition in Egypt, symbolizing the renewal of life and the natural world. With its rich history and diverse customs, the Spring Festival is a time for Egyptians of all backgrounds to come together and celebrate the beauty and bounty of the season. From the coloring of eggs to the enjoyment of traditional foods and outdoor activities, Sham El Nessim offers a unique and unforgettable experience for all who partake in its festivities.