Constitution Day in the Cook Islands

Constitution Day, also known as Te Maeva Nui, is a significant national event in the Cook Islands. It is celebrated annually on August 4th to mark the day when the Cook Islands gained self-governance from New Zealand in 1965.


The Cook Islands, a group of 15 islands in the South Pacific Ocean, became a British protectorate in 1888. In 1901, they were annexed by New Zealand, and the islands remained under New Zealand administration until 1965. In the early 1960s, the Cook Islands began to seek more autonomy, leading to the formation of a new constitution. On August 4, 1965, the Cook Islands officially gained self-governing status with the implementation of the Constitution, while still maintaining a close relationship with New Zealand.


National customs for Constitution Day in the Cook Islands

Constitution Day in the Cook Islands is a time for celebrating the country's rich culture, history, and independence. The celebrations usually last for a week, with various festivities taking place across the nation.

One of the most significant events during the celebration is the Te Maeva Nui Festival, which showcases traditional Cook Islands music, dance, and performances. Participants from different villages on each island come together to compete and display their talents, wearing vibrant and elaborate costumes.

Parades, sporting events, and cultural activities also take place during the week-long festivities, with local schools and organizations participating. The celebrations conclude with a national holiday on August 4th, with many people attending church services and spending time with family and friends.

Local customs for Constitution Day in the Cook Islands

While the national customs are observed throughout the Cook Islands, each island and village may also have their own unique traditions and ways of celebrating Constitution Day. Local customs can include traditional feasts, where families and communities come together to share local dishes and delicacies.

Some islands may also hold unique sporting events or traditional games, while others may focus on recognizing and honoring local leaders and historical figures who played a role in the Cook Islands' journey to self-governance.


Constitution Day in the Cook Islands is not only a celebration of the country's independence but also a time to embrace and honor the unique culture and history of the islands. The week-long festivities, including the Te Maeva Nui Festival, parades, and various local customs, all contribute to a vibrant and memorable event that unites the Cook Islands people in pride and unity.