Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus in Belarus
Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus, also known as the Day of the Republic, is a significant national holiday in Belarus. The local name of the event is День Незалежнасці Рэспублікі Беларусь or Den Nezalezhnasti Respubliki Belarus. This day commemorates the country's declaration of independence from the Soviet Union on July 27, 1990.
Independence Day in Belarus is celebrated annually on July 3. The date was changed in 1996 by a decree of President Alexander Lukashenko, who selected July 3 to coincide with the liberation of Minsk, the Belarusian capital, from Nazi occupation during World War II in 1944.
Belarus officially declared its independence from the Soviet Union on July 27, 1990, when the Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty. This marked the beginning of the country's transition to an independent nation.
However, it wasn't until the 1996 referendum that the date of Independence Day was changed to July 3, commemorating the liberation of Minsk during World War II. This historical event involved the Soviet Army, together with the Belarusian partisan forces, driving out the Nazi forces from Minsk during Operation Bagration, which was one of the largest military operations of the war.
National customs for Independence Day in Belarus
Independence Day in Belarus is celebrated with various events and activities that aim to promote patriotism and unity among citizens. The festivities begin with the hoisting of the national flag and the singing of the national anthem.
One of the main highlights of the day is the military parade, which showcases the strength of the Belarusian Armed Forces. The parade is attended by the president, government officials, and thousands of spectators. It features a display of military equipment, marching soldiers, and performances by military bands.
In addition to the military parade, various cultural events and concerts are held throughout the country. These events showcase the rich history and traditions of Belarus, as well as the talents of local artists and performers.
Fireworks displays are also a popular part of the Independence Day celebrations, illuminating the night sky with dazzling colors and patterns.
Local customs for Independence Day in Belarus
In different regions of Belarus, local customs and traditions may vary. For instance, some towns and cities may organize their own parades, sports competitions, and outdoor fairs.
It is also common for families to gather and celebrate Independence Day together, enjoying traditional Belarusian dishes and spending quality time in each other's company. Many people use this day as an opportunity to pay tribute to the memory of those who fought for Belarus's independence and freedom during World War II.
Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus is a significant national holiday that commemorates the country's liberation from the Soviet Union and Nazi occupation. Through various customs and traditions, Belarusians celebrate their freedom, history, and culture, emphasizing the importance of unity and patriotism.