Eid al-Adha Holiday in Bahrain

Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is a significant religious holiday celebrated in Bahrain by the Muslim community. In Arabic, it is referred to as عيد الأضحى (Eid al-Adha). The date of the celebration varies each year, as it is based on the Islamic lunar calendar. Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days.


Eid al-Adha in Bahrain, as in other Muslim countries, has its origins in the Islamic tradition of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his willingness to sacrifice his son Isma'il (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to God. However, God intervened and provided a ram for Ibrahim to sacrifice instead. This event is commemorated during Eid al-Adha, and it has been celebrated in Bahrain since the advent of Islam in the region around the 7th century.


National customs for Eid al-Adha in Bahrain

Eid al-Adha is a public holiday in Bahrain, and most businesses and schools are closed during this time. The festivities start with a special prayer service, known as the Salat al-Eid, which is held at mosques and prayer grounds across the country. Following the prayer service, families and friends gather to share meals and exchange gifts.

One of the most important aspects of Eid al-Adha in Bahrain is the act of Qurbani, or animal sacrifice. Families who can afford it will typically sacrifice a sheep, goat, or cow, as a symbol of Ibrahim's devotion to God. The meat from the sacrificed animal is then distributed among family, friends, and those in need, ensuring that everyone can partake in the festive meal.

During this period, it is also common for Bahraini families to donate to charity, and many people will volunteer at local food banks or other community organizations to help distribute food and supplies to the less fortunate.

Local customs for Eid al-Adha in Bahrain

In addition to the national customs, there are several local traditions unique to Bahrain during Eid al-Adha. Some families may visit the graves of deceased relatives to pray and pay their respects. Others may host special gatherings for extended family and friends to come together and celebrate the holiday.

Traditional Bahraini dishes, such as Machboos (a rice dish), Harees (a wheat and meat porridge), and various sweets and pastries, are often prepared and enjoyed during the Eid al-Adha festivities.

In recent years, the government of Bahrain has organized various cultural events and activities during Eid al-Adha, including traditional music performances, art exhibitions, and family-friendly entertainment, providing additional opportunities for the community to come together and celebrate the holiday.


Eid al-Adha is a significant and meaningful holiday in Bahrain, with both national and local customs that showcase the rich cultural heritage and strong community spirit of the country. As families gather to share meals, exchange gifts, and participate in charitable acts, the Festival of Sacrifice serves as a reminder of the importance of faith, compassion, and unity in Bahraini society.