Eid al-Adha in Bahrain

Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is an important Islamic holiday celebrated in Bahrain and other Muslim-majority countries around the world. In Bahrain, it is known as عيد الأضحى in the local Arabic language. The holiday commemorates the willingness of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of obedience to Allah, before Allah provided a ram to be sacrificed instead.

Eid al-Adha is observed on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth and final month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Since the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, the date of Eid al-Adha varies each year. The exact date is determined by the sighting of the crescent moon, which marks the beginning of Dhu al-Hijjah.


The celebration of Eid al-Adha in Bahrain dates back to the early days of Islam, as the country has a long history of Islamic practice and tradition. Bahrain has been a center for Islamic culture and learning since the 7th century, when it was introduced to the region by the Prophet Muhammad's companions. The celebration of Eid al-Adha in Bahrain is deeply rooted in the religious and cultural history of the country and continues to be an important event for the people of Bahrain today.


National customs for Eid al-Adha in Bahrain

The customs associated with Eid al-Adha in Bahrain are similar to those observed in other Muslim countries. The day begins with special prayers at the mosque, known as the Eid prayer. This is followed by a sermon, in which the Imam reminds the congregation of the significance of the holiday and encourages them to engage in acts of charity and good deeds.

One of the main customs of Eid al-Adha is the act of sacrifice, or qurbani, which usually involves the slaughtering of an animal such as a sheep, goat, or cow. The meat from the sacrificed animal is then distributed among family, friends, and the less fortunate. This act of giving is an important aspect of the holiday, as it symbolizes the spirit of sacrifice and sharing with others.

In Bahrain, it is also common for families to come together for festive meals and to exchange gifts during Eid al-Adha. Visiting the graves of deceased relatives and praying for their souls is another common practice during this time.

Local customs for Eid al-Adha in Bahrain

In addition to the national customs, there are also some local customs specific to the celebration of Eid al-Adha in Bahrain. For example, traditional Bahraini dishes, such as machboos (a spiced rice dish with meat) and harees (a wheat and meat porridge), are often prepared and enjoyed during the festivities.

Traditional Bahraini music and dance performances, such as the Ardha dance, may also take place during the Eid al-Adha celebrations, bringing communities together in a spirit of joy and unity.


Eid al-Adha is a significant religious and cultural event in Bahrain, with deep historical roots and a strong emphasis on the values of sacrifice, charity, and community. The customs and traditions associated with the holiday serve to strengthen the bonds between family members, friends, and neighbors, and to remind Bahrainis of the importance of empathy and sharing with those in need.